Ontario's music industry is made up of a wide range of participants in all parts of the value chain involved in the creation, writing, production, publishing, distribution and presentation of original music. The industry includes musicians, songwriters, record labels, managers, agents, music publishers, concert promoters, presenters and more. The sound recording and music publishing landscape in Canada is dominated by large foreign-owned companies but has a strong independent sector comprising mainly small- to medium-sized companies. The vast majority of Canadian content is commercially released by Canadian-owned and controlled independent music companies.

Ontario's sound recording and music publishing industry is the largest in Canada. In 2015, Ontario record producers and distributors generated 79% of Canadian record production and distribution operating revenues.1

Industry Size and Economic Impact

The following information on revenue, employment, and the consumer market should be considered a snapshot of activity in the industry based on the best available information.

Employment and wages

"Sound recording and music publishing in Canada, operating revenues by industry sub-category, 2015" A bar chart comparing the revenues generated by various sound recording industry subsectors in Canada in 2015. At $417.7 million, the record prod

Revenues and related figures

Consumer market

Methods of music consumption by internet usersThis bar chart displays the percentage of users who engaged in various methods of music consumption in a recent survey. Listening to music on the radio was the most common method, at 87% of users, followed by

Trends and Issues

This section provides information on industry growth rates, trends, and burgeoning issues for the Canadian music industry.

Growth rate and industry trends

Projected Canadian Music Market Revenues by component, 2017 vs.2021
Two bar charts are displayed showing 2017 versus 2021 projected Canadian revenues in four categories: digital music downloading, digital music streaming, physical recorded music, and

Global and domestic issues

Government support51

Industry Recognition

Profile current as of April 24, 2018


1 Statistics Canada, Table 361-0034 - Sound recording and music publishing, summary statistics, every 2 years (dollars unless otherwise noted), CANSIM (database). (accessed: 2018-04-24).

2 ibid. Sound recording studios comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances. Establishments in this industry may also provide audio production or post-production services for producing master recordings, and audio services for film, television and video productions. Excludes integrated record companies.

3 Statistics Canada, Table 387-0012 - Culture and sport indicators by domain and sub-domain, by province and territory, product perspective, annual (dollars unless otherwise noted), CANSIM (database). (accessed: 2018-03-22) The jobs measure refers to number of roles in the industry, whether full-time or part-time.

4 Music Canada, Live Music Measures Up: An Economic Impact Analysis of Live Music in Ontario, December 2015, p. 27.

5 Statistics Canada, Table 361-0034.

6 ibid.

7 Statistics Canada, Table 387-0012.

8 Statistics Canada, Table 361-0062, Sound recording and music publishing, royalties and rights, every 2 years (dollars x 1,000,000). CANSIM (database). (accessed: 2018-02-26).

9 Music Canada, Live Music Measures Up, p. 5.

10 Press Release, "Ontario putting fans first," Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, June 26, 2017.

11 Statistics Canada, Table 361-0065, Sound recording and music publishing, sales based on format of musical recordings, every 2 years (dollars x 1,000,000). CANSIM (database). (accessed: 2018-03-01).

12 Worldwide Independent Network (WIN), WINTEL Worldwide Independent Market Report 2017: The Global Economic & Cultural Contribution of the Independent Record Industry, October 23, 2017, pp. 12, 62-64.

13 ibid, p. 40-42.

14 Nielsen Canada, Music Canada 360 Report 2017.

15 Nielsen Canada, 2017 Year End Music Report, pp. 2,4,5.

16 ibid, p. 9.

17 Press Release, Nielsen Canada 360 Report, Nielsen Canada, June 16, 2016.

18 Nielsen Canada, Nielsen Music 360 Canada Report: Highlights, May 2017, pp. 5, 7.

19 IFPI, Connecting with Music: Music Consumer Insight Report, September 2017.

20 IFPI, Global Music Report 2018: Annual State of the Industry, April 2018.

21 Nielsen Canada, 2017 Year End Music Report, p. 32.

22 ibid, p. 12.

23 ibid, p. 7.

24 IFPI, Connecting with Music.

25 ibid, p. 17.

26 PwC, Global Entertainment and Media Outlook 2017-2021, "Canada", June 2017. Revenues comprise consumer spend on music- physical, digital and live music and sponsorship revenue of live music. Revenue from merchandise or concessions at live music events is not included. Streaming includes revenue from subscription and advertiser-supported streaming services. PwC data represents consumer spending on music at the retail level and excludes music publishing activity.

27 IFPI, Global Music Report 2018.

28 PwC.

29 Nielsen Canada, Nielsen Music 360 Canada Report 2017, p. 5.

30 Nielsen Canada, Nielsen Music 360 Canada Report: Highlights, July 2016, p. 5.

31 CIMA, Music in Motion: An Analysis of Exporting Canadian Independent Music, November 28, 2016. p. 29.

32 ibid, p. 13.

33 OMDC, "Research Funded by OMDC,"

34 Canadian Music Publishers Association, Export Ready, Export Critical: Music Publishing in Canada, pp. 1-3.

35 Ontario Live Music Working Group, Vision for Ontario's Live Music Industry, Spring 2018.

36 Press Release, "Strengthening Protection for Ontario Consumers Act," Ontario Ministry of Government and Consumer Services, December 13, 2017; Press Release, "Music Canada Live responds to passing of Ontario's Ticket Sales Act," Music Canada Live, December 13, 2017.

37 "Four Canadian music festivals pledge to host gender-equal lineups by 2022," The Canadian Press, February 26, 2018.

38 Karen Bliss, "Canadian music industry meets in Toronto for inaugural Anti-Harassment Summit,", March 2, 2018.

39 CIMA, Over the Border and into the Clubs: Canada's Music Industry and the U.S. Market, April 18, 2016. p. 6.

40 Canadian Music Publishers Association, Export Ready, Export Critical.

41 Quentin Burgess, "What was said: Senators Call for Urgent Review of Canada's Copyright Board", Music Canada, December 1, 2016.

42 Press Release, "Global Music Report: Music Consumption Exploding Worldwide," IFPI, April 12, 2016, p.8

43 ibid., p.22

44 IFPI, Global Music Report 2018, p. 26.

45 Music Canada, The Value Gap: Its Origins, Impacts, and a Made-in-Canada Approach, 2017.

46 Music Canada, The Mastering of a Music City, June 5, 2015.

47 Music Canada, Music Cities Toolkit, September 20, 2016.

48 Press Release, "Research: Most young Canadians want to live in music cities," SOCAN, January 9, 2018.

49 Haydn Watters, "Bell Media axes MuchFact, leaving a gap in how Canadian music videos get funded," CBC News, September 26, 2017.

50 PwC.; Kevin Ritchie, "Sunrise Records' HMV Takeover," Now, March 22, 2017; David Farrell, "Vinyl is spinning huge sales for Sunrise Records," FYI Music News, January 24, 2018.

51 The information included in this section is an overview of some of the government assistance to the music industry. This is not intended to be a comprehensive list of government assistance available.

52 Department of Canadian Heritage, Creative Canada Policy Framework, September 2017.

53 FACTOR administers funds from the federal government, as well as from Canada's private radio broadcasters' contributions towards Canadian Content development. The Radio Starmaker Fund was established by the Canadian Association of Broadcasters, and is funded by contributions from Canadian private radio broadcasters.

54 Press Release, "2017-18 Changes to Program Guidelines & Business Policies," FACTOR, March 31, 2017.